Castor oil, derived from the seeds of the Ricinus communis plant, has gained popularity due to its versatility and numerous benefits. Castor oil derivatives plant manufacturers have embraced the latest technical advancements, covering multiple manufacturing processes including hydrated and dehydrated castor oil manufacturing processes.


The castor oil derivatives manufacturing process has distinct properties and use, leading to groundbreaking innovations in product formulations and sustainable alternatives.

Let’s explore this blog to uncover the boundless versatility of castor oil and the significance of its diverse derivatives.

What are castor oil derivatives and how does it work?

Derived from the seeds of the castor plant by using castor oil processing equipment, castor oil is a dense and fragrance-free oil. Its historical usage traces back to ancient Egypt, initially as lamp fuel and subsequently for medicinal and beauty purposes. It is said that Cleopatra herself attributed the ability of the oil to enhance the whiteness of her eyes.

Currently, India is the primary producer and castor oil supplier across the globe. Recent scientific research supports the traditional applications of castor oil, which include its effectiveness as a laxative, its anti-inflammatory properties, and its potential to aid in labor induction.

Ongoing studies are exploring additional health benefits that castor oil may offer. When used as directed, castor oil is considered safe and is commonly found in various skin and hair care products available today. Additionally, pure castor oil can be easily obtained from specialty health stores.

Castor oil offers multiple ways of application. It can be directly applied to the skin or consumed orally in small doses. Alternatively, one can create castor oil packs by soaking a cloth in the oil and applying it to the affected areas. However, it is crucial to note that castor oil's potency renders it unsuitable for cooking or use as a food additive.

castor processing flow diagram

Salient properties of castor oil derivatives

Castor oil's distinctive structure and intriguing properties, make it suitable for a variety of industrial uses. It consists of 90% ricinoleic, 4% linoleic, 3% oleic, 1% stearic, and fewer than 1% linolenic fatty acids. Castor oil is valuable due to the high content of ricinoleic acid (RA), which is used in a variety of applications in the chemical industry. Besides, there are many more properties that make it an ideal component in different manufacturing processes.

Chemical composition of castor oil

Did you know that castor oil is primarily composed of triglycerides? These amazing compounds are formed when fatty acids and glycerol come together through esterification. But what sets castor oil apart is its abundant ricinoleic acid, making up around 90% of its composition. This special acid is monounsaturated and has a hydroxyl group attached to the 12th carbon, giving castor oil its unique properties. And let's not forget about the other fatty acids like oleic, linoleic, and stearic acids, which add their own magic in smaller amounts.

Castor oil, derived from the seeds of the Ricinus communis plant, has gained popularity due to its versatility and numerous benefits. Castor oil derivatives plant manufacturers have embraced the latest technical advancements, covering multiple manufacturing processes including hydrated and dehydrated castor oil manufacturing processes

Laxative properties

Castor oil possesses an impressive quality as an effective laxative. It acts as a stimulant, encouraging bowel movements through irritation of the intestinal lining and increased peristalsis. An essential component found in castor oil, ricinoleic acid, activates EP3 prostanoid receptors within the intestines. This activation then triggers the release of prostaglandins which induce contractions in the smooth muscles of the intestines. Consequently, this leads to improved bowel movement and offers relief from constipation.

Anti-inflammatory and Analgesic properties

Castor oil possesses notable anti-inflammatory properties primarily attributed to its ricinoleic acid content. This compound effectively hampers the production of pro-inflammatory substances like prostaglandins and leukotrienes, vital contributors to the inflammatory response. Furthermore, ricinoleic acid stimulates EP3 prostanoid receptors, known for their anti-inflammatory effects. These distinctive qualities substantiate castor oil's effectiveness in alleviating inflammation associated with conditions such as arthritis, joint pain, and muscle soreness.

In addition, it is worth mentioning that castor oil possesses analgesic properties. This means that it can effectively alleviate pain. Furthermore, the anti-inflammatory effects of ricinoleic acid found in castor oil help reduce inflammation and swelling. As a result, this contributes to pain reduction as well. Another benefit of using castor oil is its ability to act as a counterirritant when applied topically. This provides a soothing sensation that helps divert attention from underlying pain.

Moisturizing and skin benefits

Castor oil is highly respected in the realm of skincare due to its remarkable moisturizing properties. The abundance of fatty acids within its composition allows this oil to deeply penetrate the skin, creating a protective barrier that adeptly seals in essential moisture. Consequently, castor oil has become an invaluable ingredient in various products, including moisturizers, lip balms, and hair care formulations.

Furthermore, castor oil procurement offers antimicrobial properties that effectively combat bacteria, fungi, and other microorganisms. This makes it highly beneficial in treating acne, fungal infections, and various skin conditions. The secret behind its antimicrobial activity lies in ricinoleic acid. This compound disrupts the cell membranes of microorganisms, ultimately leading to their eradication.

Hair growth and scalp health

Castor oil is renowned for its ability to boost hair growth and enhance scalp health. The ricinoleic acid found in castor oil effectively stimulates blood circulation in the scalp, facilitating the optimal delivery of vital nutrients to hair follicles. Consequently, this stimulation promotes hair growth and aids in reducing hair loss. Furthermore, the moisturizing properties of castor oil deeply nourish the hair strands, fortifying them and rendering them less susceptible to breakage.

Industrial applications

Castor oil and its derivatives have various applications in personal care as we­ll as multiple industries. It plays a crucial role in producing bio-based lubricants due to its exceptional lubricating properties and high viscosity. Additionally, it is extensively used in the manufacturing of plastics, paints, dyes, and adhesives. Industrial-grade castor oil also serves as a hydrotropic agent in soap and detergent production.

A diverse range of castor oil derivatives

Castor oil derivatives find widespread applications across various industries. Market projections indicate a steady growth trend for castor oil and its derivatives market, with an estimated compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.9% between the years 2023 and 2033. By 2033, it is expected that the market will reach a valuation of US$ 2.21 billion, while in 2023, the estimated value stands at US$ 1.37 billion.

edible oil refinery manufacturers

The Indian market shines as the standout leader in the Asian region when it comes to the Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) for castor oil derivatives. From 2023 to 2033, India experiences an impressive growth rate of 5.9%. This commendable progress is a result of the region's expanding production and exporting capabilities, driven by proactive government efforts.

By 2023, the thriving cosmetic industry has propelled the Japanese market to capture a 3.6% share of the global market. Moreover, the German castor oil derivatives market stands out in the region with a notable 5.8% market share during that same year. This growth is primarily attributed to leading cosmetic and pharmaceutical brands alongside collaborative endeavors by European authorities.

edible oil refinery manufacturers

In 2023, the pharmaceutical industry dominates with a 22.5% market share, driven by increased consumption and its effectiveness in treating constipation. On the other hand, the industrial sector takes the lead with a substantial market share of 74.7% in the same year, based on its classification.

Here are some commonly used castor oil derivatives and their uses:

Hydrogenated castor oil (HCO)

Derived through the process of hydrogenation, hydrogenated castor oil transforms into a solid and waxy substance. This versatile ingredient is highly valued in diverse cosmetic formulations, specifically in lipsticks. Furthermore, it plays a crucial role as a foundational element used for producing waxes, greases, and coatings.

Hydrogenated castor oil fatty acid

The derivative mentioned here originates from a more refined version of hydrogenated castor oil. Its primary purpose lies in its application within the manufacturing sector, specifically to produce soaps, lubricants, and emulsifiers. Furthermore, it serves as a vital raw material in the creation process of various esters.

12 HSA (12-Hydroxy Stearic Acid)

Derive­d from castor oil, 12-HSA has a wide range of applications in various industries. It is extensively used in the production of industrial lubricants, greases, and rubber products. Additionally, it finds application in manufacturing cosmetics, plastics, and textile auxiliaries.

Methyl ricinoleic acid

Methyl ricinoleic acid, which is derived from the esterification of ricinoleic acid, finds application as an intermediate compound in the production of diverse chemicals. These chemicals encompass fragrances, plasticizers, and specialty lubricants.

Ricinoleic acid

Ricinoleic acid plays a vital role in castor oil due to its unique properties. It finds application in various industries, including cosmetics, soaps, pharmaceuticals, and personal care products. Moreover, it serves as a valuable starting material for producing other derivatives.

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Undecylenic acid

Undecylenic acid, derived from ricinoleic acid, finds its application in the production of antifungal agents, pharmaceuticals, and personal care products. This versatile compound showcases exceptional properties against fungi and microorganisms, making it a valuable ingredient in topical treatments.

Polyol ricinoleic acid

Polyol ricinoleic acid is obtained by reacting ricinoleic acid with polyols. It finds application as a raw material in the production of polyurethane foams, coatings, adhesives, and sealants.

2 Octanol

2 octanol, also known as 2-ethyl hexanol, is produced by the hydrogenation of ricinoleic acid. It serves as a precursor in the manufacturing of plasticizers, solvents, and various esters used in the production of coatings, adhesives, and personal care products.

Sebacic acid

Sebacic acid is derived from castor oil and is widely used in the production of nylon, plasticizers, lubricants, and cosmetics. It also finds applications in the pharmaceutical and textile industries.

Blown castor oil

Blown castor oil is a modified form of castor oil obtained through oxidation. It is utilized in the production of coatings, inks, and varnishes due to its excellent drying properties and film-forming characteristics.

Turkey red oil

Turkey red oil is derived by combining sulfuric acid and castor oil. It has various applications in multiple industries, particularly as a foundational component for soap, detergent, and textile auxiliary production. Additionally, it functions exceptionally well as an emulsifier in cosmetics.

Zinc undecylenate

Zinc undecylenate holds a prominent position as a biocide within the personal care industry. This effective compound is formed by combining zinc oxide with undecylenic acid, showcasing its remarkable ability to combat fungi, bacteria, and other microorganisms. Its versatile nature finds application in various cosmetic formulations like shampoos and creams.

Methyl 12 HSA

Methyl 12 HSA, derived from hydrogenated castor oil, possesses exceptional emulsifying properties. It is widely utilized in the manufacturing of soaps, lubricants, and plasticizers. Moreover, it finds applicability in various cosmetic formulations like creams, lotions, and hair care products.

Calcium undecylenate

Calcium undecylenate, derived from undecylenic acid and calcium oxide, acts as a biocide. Its primary role lies in its effectiveness as an antimicrobial agent utilized extensively within the manufacturing of cosmetics, soaps, and detergents. In addition to this, it showcases its utility in various industrial processes as a highly efficient antifungal agent.

Methyl 12 HSA urethane grade

Methyl 12 HSA Urethane Grade is a type of polyurethane. It is specifically formulated using methyl 12-HSA, which serves as an effective chemical raw material. This formulation finds application in the production of adhesives, coatings, and sealants. Moreover, it is widely utilized in various automotive applications such as gaskets and air filters.

Castor oil urethane grade

Castor oil urethane grade is a specially formulated polyurethane that utilizes castor oil as its primary component. It serves as an incredibly versatile raw material, ideal to produce adhesives, coatings, and sealants. Moreover, this exceptional substance finds wide-ranging applications in the automotive industry, including gaskets and air filters. Additionally, it offers remarkable lubricating properties when used in metalworking processes.

Ethoxylated castor oil

Ethoxylated castor oil, a derivative of castor oil, is obtained through the process of ethoxylation. This involves reacting ethylene oxide with castor oil. Remarkably, it possesses exceptional emulsifying properties and is extensively used in various cosmetics formulations such as creams, lotions, and hair care products. Furthermore, it serves as a vital raw material in producing soaps and detergents.

DCO Fatty acid

DCO fatty acid is obtained by subjecting castor oil to the deodorization process. This versatile compound finds application in numerous industries, playing a crucial role as an essential ingredient for soap, lubricant, and emulsifier production. Additionally, it serves as a highly effective intermediate in synthesizing various esters.


Heptalde­hyde, derived from castor oil, finds its application in various industries. It is commonly used in the production of fragrances, plasticizers, and specialty lubricants. Additionally, it serves as a crucial intermediate for synthesizing other chemicals. Thanks to its low toxicity profile, heptaldehyde is considered a safe ingredient in cosmetics formulations.

Zinc ricinoleate

Zinc ricinoleate, derived from ricinoleic acid and zinc oxide, finds widespread use in various cosmetic formulations. Its outstanding efficacy against fungi and bacteria makes it a favored active ingredient. Moreover, it functions remarkably well as an antiperspirant, deodorant, and skin conditioning agent.

Hydrogenated methyl ricinoleate

Hydrogenated methyl ricinoleate is a product obtained by hydrogenating methyl ricinoleate. It possesses exceptional lubricant properties and finds wide application in various industrial processes, particularly metalworking. Moreover, it also serves as a valuable raw material for producing adhesives, coatings, and sealants.

Polymerised ricinoleic acid

Polymerized ricinoleic acid, derived from its counterpart, showcases remarkable water-resistant properties. Its versatility extends to industries like coatings, adhesives, and personal care products where it finds practical application. Furthermore, this compound demonstrates efficacy as a lubricant in metalworking processes.


Glycerine, also known as glycerol, is an organic compound. The hydrolysis of castor oil produces it. This versatile substance finds application in various industries including food, pharmaceuticals, personal care products, and textiles. Furthermore, it serves as a humectant and emollient in cosmetics formulations.


Applications of castor oil derivatives

Castor oil derivatives have found numerous applications in various industries due to their beneficial properties and versatile nature. These derivatives are derived from castor oil, which is obtained from the seeds of the castor plant (Ricinus communis). Castor oil itself has been used for centuries for its medicinal properties and as a natural remedy for various ailments. However, its derivatives offer enhanced properties and find applications in diverse sectors such as the beauty and skincare industry, industrial and commercial uses, and pharmaceutical and medical applications.

Beauty and skincare industry

The beauty and skincare industry extensively utilizes castor oil derivatives for their nourishing and moisturizing properties. These derivatives offer a range of benefits and can be found in various products, including hair care, skin care, and cosmetics.

In hair care products, castor oil derivatives such as hydrogenated castor oil or castor oil ethoxylates are commonly used. They are added to shampoos, conditioners, and hair serums to promote hair growth, strengthen hair follicles, and improve overall hair health. These derivatives nourish the scalp, moisturize the hair strands, and help prevent dryness and breakage.

Castor oil derivatives are commonly used in skincare products. They serve the purpose of acting as emollients and humectants, providing moisturizing and softening properties to the skin. These derivatives can be found in various skincare formulations such as lotions, creams, and soaps. Their role is crucial in reducing dryness and maintaining the skin's natural moisture balance. Moreover, they possess anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties that make them beneficial for treating specific skin conditions like acne and dermatitis.

Castor oil derivatives find wide application in the beauty industry. Specifically, castor oil esters are frequently employed in the formulation of popular cosmetic products like lipsticks, foundations, mascaras, and more. These derivatives play a crucial role in enhancing the texture of these products, ensuring smooth application, and achieving the desired consistency. Furthermore, they contribute to moisturizing the lips and preventing dryness.

Industrial and commercial uses

Castor oil derivatives have various applications in both industrial and commercial sectors due to their unique characteristics and functional properties.

In the realm of lubricants and greases, one finds a key application: hydrogenated castor oil. This substance possesses remarkable qualities as it serves to lubricate and grease various types of machinery and industrial equipment. With its exceptional ability to withstand extreme temperatures, coupled with its high viscosity, hydrogenated castor oil proves itself suitable for heavy-duty applications.

Castor oil derivatives, including castor oil polyols, find important applications in the production of biodegradable plastics and resins. These derivatives offer a sustainable and eco-friendly alternative to petroleum-based ingredients. By utilizing castor oil derivatives in the creation of plastics and resins, we can decrease our reliance on fossil fuels and actively contribute to mitigating environmental impact.

In the textile industry, castor oil derivatives are used as finishing agents and softeners for fabrics. They enhance the flexibility and durability of textiles, improve resistance to wrinkles, and provide a smooth and soft feel to the fabrics. These derivatives can be applied during the manufacturing process to enhance the quality and performance of textile products.

Pharmaceutical and medical applications

Castor oil derivatives have diverse applications in the pharmaceutical and medical fields due to their medicinal properties and compatibility with healthcare products.

In terms of medicinal purposes, castor oil itself has been traditionally used as a laxative and for relieving constipation. Its derivatives are utilized in the production of ointments, creams, and topical treatments for various skin ailments, inflammation, and other medical conditions. The soothing and anti-inflammatory properties of these derivatives make them valuable ingredients in dermatological products.

Castor oil derivatives are also employed in the development of drug delivery systems. Liposomes and micelles, which are used to encapsulate and deliver drugs, often incorporate castor oil derivatives. These derivatives help improve the solubility and bioavailability of drugs, enhance their stability, and enable targeted delivery to specific areas of the body. By utilizing castor oil derivatives in drug delivery systems, the efficacy and efficiency of pharmaceutical treatments can be improved.


In conclusion, the diverse applications and beneficial properties of castor oil derivatives underscore the immense potential of this resource across various industries. The investment in and establishment of high-tech plants for producing castor oil derivatives is a progressive step towards leveraging this potential.

These plants, equipped with advanced technology, will not only increase the production capacity but will also ensure superior quality and greater sustainability. The move will spur economic growth, encourage innovation, and contribute toward a more sustainable and eco-conscious future.

Therefore, it is highly recommended that stakeholders partner with high-tech Castor oil derivatives plant suppliers to tap into this potential and drive forward their respective industries.


N & T Engitech

This blog was created by NandT Engitech using automation technology and was carefully reviewed and verified by our editorial team and an industry expert.

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